Strategic aviation is still one of the greatest elements of the strength of the Russian and US armies. Although in the context of total war their role would rather replace intercontinental nuclear missiles, their potential to carry a lot of cargo is still used today. In today’s reality, he is often involved in the raids of conventional weapons. Examples of such activities can be observed in the ongoing conflict in Syria. It is here that the Tu-160, the heaviest and heaviest combat aircraft in the world, had its baptism.
Looking at this machine, it is impossible not to get the impression that this is a copy of the American Rockwell B-1 Lancer bomber. However, the history of this aircraft is somewhat more complicated. At the end of the 1960s both the USSR and the US decided to acquire a supersonic, heavy bomber capable of carrying large amounts of nuclear weapons. The US Department of Defense has commissioned the creation of such a Rockwell aircraft. In the mid seventies, the result was the creation of four prototype B-1As that fulfilled the premise.
As a result of the change of power in the United States, the basic defense strategies of the country were changed, and one of the effects was the suspension of the B-1A project in its present form. The bomber himself was created and put into service in much altered form. A few years after announcing the change, the world saw the Rockwell B-1B Lancer bomber, produced in 100 copies. It made it possible to reach a much lower speed (equal to Ma = 1.25 instead of the original Ma = 2.5).
In the meantime, the Soviet competitor created the assumptions for the construction of its super-bomber, partly supporting the design of the first bomber’s design, the B-1A. The Tu-160 was built with the experience of various USSR engineering offices, including Tupolev, Suchoja and Myasishcheva. It is this last office with its M-18 concept that is responsible for creating the basic features of the platform, which became Tu-160.
Tu-160 is the basis of Russia’s strategic aviation. It can therefore carry a range of weapons, including atomic weapons. In its two retractable chambers up to 40 tons of armament. These may include: Kh-55 / Kh-55SM maneuvers (up to 12), Ch-15 (up to 24) nuclear missiles, and a series of conventional, cassette and atomic bombs in the aviation arsenal. Russia.
Today, all Tu-160s are stationed in the 121st Heavy Bombers Regiment in Engels, south of Moscow, near the border with Kazakhstan. Baptism for the Tu-160 was a series of raids on targets in Syria in November this year. With the simultaneous attacks of the Kalibr / 3M-54 maneuvering missiles, the Russians destroyed several dozen training bases, staff and weapons depots for the Islamic State.
The Tu-160 can accelerate even up to a speed equal to Ma = …